Vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and other nutritious elements such as herbs are taken orally as dietary supplements. Dietary supplements may occasionally help persons with particular health problems, such as diabetes, get more nourishment.
Capsules, pills, soft gels, liquids, powders, and bars are among the various types of dietary supplements available. People with diabetes, on the other hand, will still need to take prescription medications daily to keep their blood sugar levels under control. Diabetes is a long-term illness that affects metabolism, or how the body utilizes food for energy and development. Diabetes affects millions of individuals worldwide, and if it is not properly controlled, it may lead to major health concerns.
The most crucial aspects of diabetes care are a well-balanced diet, regular physical exercise, and healthy body weight. If these measures are insufficient to keep your blood sugar levels in check, your doctor will determine which drugs will help you manage your diabetes.
Aside from these therapies, diabetics employ a variety of medicines and vitamins to control their condition. These natural therapies are thought to aid in the control of blood sugar levels, the reduction of insulin resistance, and the prevention of diabetes-related problems.
Vitamin D deficiency has been related to kidney and heart failure, two key diabetic consequences. Vitamin D also enhances insulin function and strengthens bones and teeth. According to a 2010 analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 41.6 percent of Americans were vitamin D deficient.
Sunlight, salmon, fortified milk, and pills are all good sources of vitamin D. Amy Campbell MS, RD, LDN, CDE, a dietitian, and diabetes educator, thinks vitamin D3 pills are superior to D2. Various medical authorities prescribe varied dosages of this vitamin for adults, ranging from 600 to 5,000 units per day.
The current Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for persons aged 14 to 70 is 600 units, and for adults aged 70 and more is 800 units.
This mineral regulates blood sugar levels, relaxes muscles, and aids in a variety of bodily activities. It reduces the chances of a heart attack or stroke.
Leafy vegetables, some berries and tropical fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts, mackerel, many herbs and spices, and dark chocolate are all good sources of magnesium.
Despite all of these sources, the typical American consumes less than half of the RDA of 320–420 mg per day.
Good bacteria have an important role in decreasing glucose and insulin levels, as well as improving diabetes management.
Apart from avoiding UTI, they also aid in the treatment of yeast infections, which are frequent among diabetics. The beneficial bacteria help with insulin activity, intestinal function, and even weight reduction.
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), also known as lipoic acid or thioctic acid, is an antioxidant that functions in the same way as B vitamins, assisting the body in the conversion of food into energy.
ALA may also help to reduce the course of neuropathy or alleviate symptoms, according to certain research. Because it has the potential to drop blood glucose levels, patients should be encouraged to check their blood glucose levels more regularly when taking this supplement.
Chromium is a trace element that has a role in glucose metabolism. It works by increasing the insulin’s efficacy. However, there is conflicting evidence on the use of chromium supplements to treat diabetes. Most individuals can tolerate modest dosages of the supplement, but there is a danger that it can cause blood sugar to drop too low. High dosages have the potential to harm the kidneys.
Gymnema Sylvestre is a traditional plant used to cure diabetes. Gymnema Sylvestre is also known as gurmar, which means “sugar destroyer.” Gymnema has traditionally been used to treat stomach problems, constipation, cardiac arrhythmias, and liver illness. One of its most common use has been to treat both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Few studies, however, have indicated that it lowers A1C and fasting glucose levels.
Fenugreek seeds have been utilised for a variety of diseases, including digestive issues and menopausal symptoms, since ancient times. This nutritional supplement smells like maple syrup and is often used in cooking. Fenugreek has been found in a few small trials to help reduce blood glucose levels by activating insulin release. Fenugreek also includes fiber, which helps to reduce glucose digestion and absorption by slowing stomach emptying.
Bitter melon is mostly utilised in cooking and medicinal in Asia, South America, and Africa. The bitter melon’s seeds and fruit are thought to reduce blood glucose levels via increasing glucose absorption by tissues, increasing glucose oxidation, and increasing muscle and liver glycogen production.
Since ancient times, cinnamon has been utilised for medical reasons. Cinnamon is offered in two varieties: Ceylon and cassia. The kind of cinnamon utilised in the treatment of diabetes and gastrointestinal discomfort is cassia cinnamon. Cinnamon contains an active component called hydroxy chalcone, which is considered to improve insulin function.
Omega 3 fatty acids
Omega 3 fatty acids aid in the maintenance of healthy cholesterol levels and heart health. However, since diabetes and heart disease are both inflammatory disorders, it’s no surprise that omega-3 has been demonstrated to help with diabetes and heart disease.
ALA, cinnamon, gurmar, bitter melon, probiotics, and plant components are among the nutrients that may help decrease blood sugar.
Remember that depending on variables including length, supplement quality, and diabetes status, you may have different results than those shown in research. Consult your doctor about supplements, particularly if you’re on diabetic medication or insulin.
Some of the supplements listed above may interact with drugs, putting you at risk for hypoglycemia. One new supplement at a time should be tried. Check your blood sugar levels regularly to see if there are any changes over time.
Blood sugar monitoring regularly can aid you and your doctor in interpreting the findings. It’s always a good idea to consume a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals. Many individuals, on the other hand, are turning to alternative medications and supplements.
Supplements should never be used instead of normal diabetes care for diabetics. This may jeopardise their health. Before using any supplements, you should always visit your doctor. Some of these supplements may interact with other treatments and drugs.
The fact that a supplement is natural does not imply that it is safe to take.