Eye ulcers in dogs-Let’s Learn!

Eye ulcers in dogs-Let’s Learn!

As a dog owner, you know how important it is to keep an eye on your furry friend’s health. While many of us focus on keeping our pups healthy and fit, we often forget about their eyes. Eye ulcers are a common problem that can affect dogs of all ages and breeds. They can cause discomfort and even lead to vision loss if left untreated. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at what eye ulcers in dogs are, the symptoms to watch out for when to contact your vet, causes of these ulcers, breeds at high risk, treatment options available, and some final notes to help you keep your pup’s eyes healthy!

What are Eye ulcers in dogs?

Eye ulcers, also known as corneal ulcers, are a common eye condition that affects dogs. They occur when there is damage to the outermost layer of the eye (the cornea) and can be caused by a variety of factors.

These ulcers can be quite painful for your pup and may cause redness, discharge or tearing in their affected eyes. Your dog might also show signs of discomfort such as pawing at their eyes or rubbing their face on surfaces.

Eye ulcers can develop quickly and require prompt attention from your veterinarian to prevent complications such as infections or even loss of vision. Some breeds are more prone to developing these types of ulcers than others, so it’s important to keep an eye out for any symptoms.

If you suspect that your dog has an eye ulcer, it’s crucial that you seek veterinary care immediately. Early intervention can help prevent serious complications down the road and ensure that your furry friend gets back on track to good health.


Eye ulcers in dogs can result in various symptoms that need to be carefully monitored. One of the most common symptoms is excessive blinking or squinting. Dogs may also rub their eyes frequently due to pain and discomfort.

Another symptom of eye ulcers in dogs is redness around the affected area, which could indicate inflammation. You may also notice your dog’s eye producing more than usual tears, leading to watery discharge from both eyes.

Dogs with an ulcerated cornea may show sensitivity to light and avoid bright environments such as sunlight or well-lit rooms. Additionally, some dogs exhibit lethargy and loss of appetite due to the pain caused by the ulceration.

It’s important to keep a close watch on your furry friend for these signs since untreated eye ulcers can lead to vision loss or even blindness if left untreated. If you suspect any of these symptoms are present, it’s always best to contact a veterinarian immediately so they can assess whether further treatment is necessary for your pet’s recovery.

When to contact your vet

When it comes to eye ulcers in dogs, it’s important to know when you should contact your veterinarian. While some cases may be mild and can be treated at home, others may require immediate medical attention.

If you notice any of the symptoms of an eye ulcer in your dog, such as excessive tearing, redness or cloudiness in the eye, squinting or pawing at the eye, don’t hesitate to reach out to your vet. It’s always better to err on the side of caution and have a professional examine your pet’s eyes.

Additionally, if you suspect that foreign debris has entered your dog’s eye or they have suffered trauma to their head or face that could affect their eyesight, seek veterinary care immediately. Delaying treatment for these issues could lead to further complications and even permanent damage.

If you’re ever unsure whether your dog is experiencing an issue with their eyesight or has developed an eye ulcer specifically – contact your vet right away for guidance on what steps you should take next.


There are various causes of eye ulcers in dogs, and understanding these causes can help you take preventative measures to protect your furry friend’s vision. One of the most common causes is trauma or injury to the eye. This can occur from a scratch or poke to the cornea, foreign objects getting stuck in the eye, or even excessive rubbing.

Infections are also another cause of eye ulcers in dogs. Bacterial infections such as staphylococcal blepharitis and fungal infections like blastomycosis can lead to ulceration if left untreated. Additionally, viral infections like herpesvirus and distemper virus could weaken the immune system leading to an increased risk for developing ulcers.

Certain breeds may be more susceptible to developing eye ulcers than others due to their anatomy. Breeds with protruding eyes such as pugs and bulldogs have a higher risk of injuring their eyes because they don’t have much protection from their eyelids.

Environmental factors like dry climates or exposure to wind-blown debris could also contribute to developing this condition. Chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus or Cushing’s disease could potentially affect ocular health too.

It is important always to contact your veterinarian immediately if you suspect your dog has an eye ulcer since prompt treatment will prevent further damage and promote healing.

Breeds at high risk

Certain dog breeds are more prone to eye ulcers than others due to their genetic makeup or physical characteristics. One such breed is the Pekingese, known for its bulging eyes and shallow eye sockets that make it more susceptible to eye injuries and infections.

Another high-risk breed is the Bulldog, which can suffer from a condition called entropion. Where the eyelids roll inward, causing irritation and damage to the cornea. Other flat-faced breeds like Shih Tzus and Boston Terriers also have similar issues with their eyelids. And require regular cleaning and care.

Breeds that enjoy outdoor activities or spend a lot of time in water like Retrievers are at risk of developing bacterial or fungal infections in their eyes. This makes it crucial for owners to keep an eye on any signs of redness or discharge around their pet’s eyes.

It’s important for dog owners to be aware of these risks so they can take preventative measures by providing proper care, monitoring their pets closely, and seeking veterinary attention at the first sign of an issue.

Eye ulcers in dogs


Treatment for eye ulcers in dogs will vary depending on the severity and underlying cause of the ulcer. Mild cases can usually be treated with topical medications, such as antibiotic ointments or drops to prevent infection and promote healing. In more severe cases or if an underlying condition is present, oral medications may also be prescribed.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove any debris or foreign objects causing the ulcer. Or repair any damage to the cornea. This is typically done under general anesthesia and requires careful post-operative care to ensure proper healing.

It’s important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions closely when treating your dog’s eye ulcer. This includes administering all medication as directed and attending all follow-up appointments so that progress can be monitored.

Additionally, it’s important to keep your dog comfortable during treatment by minimizing exposure to bright light and avoiding activities that could further irritate the affected eye. With proper treatment, most dogs will make a full recovery from an eye ulcer without experiencing any long-term complications.

Read More: Why Does My Dog Keep Shaking His Head?

Final Notes

It is important for pet owners to understand the risks and symptoms of eye ulcers in dogs. As we have discussed, various factors can contribute to this condition, including breed genetics, environmental factors, or underlying health issues. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are crucial for preventing irreversible damage to your dog’s vision.

If you suspect that your dog may be suffering from an eye ulcer, don’t hesitate to contact your veterinarian immediately. Your vet will perform a thorough examination and determine the best course of action tailored to your pet’s specific needs.

As always, preventative care is key – make sure you take necessary precautions when handling or exposing your pet to potentially harmful substances. With proper monitoring and care, you can help ensure that your furry friend maintains healthy eyesight throughout their life.

About the author

Johnny is dedicated to providing useful information on commonly asked questions on the internet. He is thankful for your support ♥

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