Some people’s blood pressure may be extraordinarily high in the morning. This is known as morning hypertension as well as morning high blood pressure.
Blood pressure varies throughout the day and keeps rising around the time a person awakens. Yet, blood pressure may be excessively high in the mornings for many people.
We’ll address the root causes and consequences of morning hypertension in this post. We will discuss how people may avoid and manage this issue.
The General Cause of Morning Hypertension
Because of the body’s natural internal clock, blood pressure rises when you first wake up every morning. Your sleep/wake habits are affected by your circadian rhythm, which is a daily 24-hour activity phase. Specific hormones, such as adrenaline and noradrenaline, are released in the morning by the body.
These hormones improve your energy while simultaneously raising your blood pressure. Between 6 a.m. and midday, this rise in blood pressure is common. If the blood pressure becomes too high, it might cause harm.
Types of Morning Hypertension
There are two types of morning hypertension.
The complication of fundamental and secondary hypertension known as nocturnal hypertension is quite prevalent. Nondipping and reverse dipping are two abnormal circadian blood pressure patterns linked to high sleep blood pressure, and both are linked to increased target organ damage and poor cardiovascular effects.
Morning – Surge Hypertension
The elevation in cardiac afterload and arterial stiffness that occurs in the morning contributes to the progression of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. The increasing surge in hypertensive patients has been linked to the LV mass index (LVMI)6,11 and the A/E ratio, which measures diastolic function.
What Is Hypertension?
High blood pressure is referred to as hypertension. This can cause serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and death.
The pressure exerted by a person’s blood against the walls of his or her blood vessels is known as blood pressure. The friction of the blood arteries and the amount of labor required of the heart determine the pressure.
Hypertension is a leading cause of stroke, cardiac arrest, heart problems, and aneurysms. Blood pressure control is critical for maintaining health and minimizing the risk of several potentially fatal disorders.
Causes of Morning Hypertension
High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. It can cause serious health problems and raise the risk of cardiovascular disease, strokes, and even fatality.
The following are some of the possible reasons for morning hypertension.
To keep their blood pressure under control, some people take antihypertensive medicines. Unregulated morning hypertension can indicate an issue with the type or dose of these medicines.
Morning hypertension can be caused by any or all of the following criteria:
Using a prescription that is too small in dosage
Instead of long-acting drugs, choose short-acting or intermediate-acting pharmaceuticals
Using simple antihypertensive drugs rather than a combination of medicines.
Sometimes people seem to find that consuming their prescriptions before bed instead of first thing in the morning helps to control their blood pressure. Some may need to take half their usual dose in the morning and then the other half before bedtime. In some situations, a person’s blood pressure medication may need to be changed to something else entirely.
Before actually taking any drug adjustments, it is critical to consult with your doctor.
Factors That Influence Your Way of Life
Hypertension can be exacerbated by several lifestyle factors. Among the many examples:
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Consuming a salty, saturated-fat-rich diet
- Lack of physical activity
The Normal Blood Pressure Pattern Is as Follows
The power with which the heart pumps blood around the circulatory system is known as blood pressure. A variety of factors can influence blood pressure, such as:
- Anxiety and stress
- Physical exercise
When an individual takes their blood pressure, two figures will display on the screen. The top number shows systolic blood pressure, which would be the pressure that the heart experiences when it contracts. The bottom figure means diastolic blood pressure, which is the pressure when the heart is relaxed.
A heart rate monitor measures the pressure inside the blood vessels in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Blood pressure must be lesser than 120/80 mm Hg.
A measurement of 120/80 mm Hg to 139/89 mm Hg indicates that a person is at risk of developing hypertension, whereas a reading of 140/90 mm Hg indicates hypertension.
During the day and night, your blood pressure goes up and down. Blood pressure drops by 10%–30% while sleeping. Then it rises around the time you are just awake. This surge may be considered in certain persons, leading to morning hypertension. Issues such as heart attack and stroke are possible.
Guide to Measure Blood Pressure
People can more easily comprehend their blood pressure changes by using a home blood pressure monitor on a routine basis. It can also help people spot morning hypertension events.
Using a cuff-style blood pressure sensor is recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA). Monitors that connect to the finger or wrist are less dependable than monitors that connect to the head.
The American Heart Association also recommends the following methods for checking blood pressure at home:
Before taking your blood pressure, make sure:
- It’s time to empty your bladder.
- Before taking your blood pressure, lie down comfortably and quietly for 5 minutes.
- Within 30 minutes of taking your blood pressure, stop smoking, consuming alcohol, or exercising.
What are the options for dealing with morning hypertension?
The impacts of antihypertensive drugs do not endure for 24 hours, therefore morning hypertension is common. As a result, your doctor may recommend morning hypertension-targeting antihypertensive drugs in addition to your current hypertension treatment.
Self-monitoring of early in the morning blood pressure (BP) at home should be done before this extra medication is recommended. Your doctor will change your meds once you’ve been diagnosed with morning hypertension to prevent the morning BP spike.
During the day and night, blood pressure varies. It normally rises in the hours leading up to awakening.
Blood pressure readings that are excessively high in the morning, on the other hand, can suggest that a person is at a higher risk of cardiovascular problems.
Morning hypertension can be detected by careful blood pressure measurement. Heart attacks, strokes, and other hypertension consequences can be avoided with healthy lifestyle choices and quick medical attention.